Chrysostom on Justification

Suppose someone should be caught in the act of adultery and the foulest crimes and then be thrown into prison. Suppose, next, that judgment was going to be passed against him and that he would be condemned. Suppose that just at that moment a letter should come from the Emperor setting free from any accounting […]

On the Gospel of Grace

1. Clement of Rome (30-100): “And we, too, being called by His will in Christ Jesus, are not justified by ourselves, nor by our own wisdom, or understanding, or godliness, or works which we have wrought in holiness of heart; but by that faith through which, from the beginning, Almighty God has justified all men; […]

Chrysostom on Faith

John Chrysostom  (c. 347–407) Everywhere he puts the Gentiles upon a thorough equality. ‘And put no difference between us and them, having purified their hearts by faith.’ (v. 9.) From faith alone, he says, they obtained the same gifts. This is also meant as a lesson to those (objectors); this is able to teach even […]

Cyril of Jerusalem on the Atonement

Cyril of Jerusalem (ca. 313 – 386) “We were enemies of God by means of Sin; and God ordained that the sinner should die. Of two things, then, one must needs have happened; either that God should adhere to His word, and destroy all men, or that by giving scope to His benignity He should […]

Origen on Justification by Christ through Faith

Origen of Alexandria (185-232) [Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans] “For at the end of the age, in the most recent times, God has manifested his righteousness and given Christ to be our redemption. He has made him our propitiator. If he had sent him as the propitiator at some earlier time, there would […]

On Justification, Faith and Works

Phillip Schaff 1819-1893 If any one expects to find in this period, or in any of the church fathers, Augustin himself not excepted, the doctrine of justification by faith alone as the “articulus stantis aut cadentis ecclesiae,” he will be greatly disappointed. The incarnation of the Logos, his true divinity and humanity, stand most unmistakably […]

On the Extent of the Atonement

I want God, not my idea of God. – C. S. Lewis Compiled by Maximus Scott 1. Philip Schaff  1819-1893 This doctrine of a divine will and divine provision of a universal salvation, on the sole condition of faith, is taught in many passages which admit of no other interpretation, and which must, therefore, decide […]

Faith “Alone” and “Faith and Works” in the Scriptures

The  only  place in  the  New  Testament  where  the  phrase  “faith  alone” is actually used is in the Letter of James  2:24 :  “that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.”  The entire context of that passage is given below, translated from the original Greek: James 2:14-26  What good is it, my […]